Evaluation Of Second Month Development In Gestation As Per Sushruta With Contemporary Medical Science: A Conceptual Study
Keywords:Ayurveda, External genitalia, Genital tubercle, Peshi, Pinda,Phallus
In Sushruta Samhita Sharira Sthana, sex differentiation of human embryo is mentioned and same concept is mentioned in modern embryology with different terminology. The external genitalia in both male and female develop from the genital tubercle. The development includes speculation, induction and maintenance of outgrowth of the genital tubercle. The concept of growth of genital tubercle in the 2nd month of gestation, development of sex on that basis and justification of shape and constitution as Pinda (condensed round mass), Peshi (muscle) and Arbuda (tumor) as mentioned in Sushruta Samhita is studied in this article. It is matter of concern that how deep meaning is mentioned by Sushruta as Pinda, Peshi and Arbuda for the gender of fetus. The structure like- Pinda, Peshi and Arbuda are justified as genital tubercle and phallus rather than whole embryo constitution. Visualization of the external genitalia during ultrasound is clinically important for severe X linked disorders, ambiguous genitalia and disorders of sex development.