International Research Journal of Ayurveda & Yoga https://irjay.com/index.php/irjay <p>International Research Journal of Ayurveda &amp; Yoga (IRJAY) is a monthly (12 issues per year ) online peer reviewed international Journal. It is an open access online journal. This journal provide platform for PG scholars teachers and researchers to publish their good &amp; quality work in the field of Ayurveda and Yoga.IRJAY is developed for the researchers, scholars, scientists, post-docs and students who are seeking a platform for publishing their research work. This is the journal advised and developed by eminent and internationally renowned Ayurvedic professors, scientists and scholars. The journal aimed to publish high quality review articles, authentic research work,clinical trials and new innovative ideas.</p> <p>IRJAY confirms its adherence with guidelines and best practices published by professional organizations, including Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals (<a href="http://www.icmje.org/icmje-recommendations.pdf">http://www.icmje.org/icmje-recommendations.pdf</a>) from ICMJE and Principles of Transparency and Best Practice in Scholarly Publishing (joint statement by COPE, DOAJ, WAME, and OASPA; (<a href="http://doaj.org/bestpractice">http://doaj.org/bestpractice</a>).</p> en-US International Research Journal of Ayurveda & Yoga 2581-785X Management of Shweta Pradar (Leucorrhoea)through AyurvedaA Single Case Study https://irjay.com/index.php/irjay/article/view/Management-of-Shweta-Pradar-Leucorrhoea-through-AyurvedaA-Single <p>Shweta Pradar i.e. Leucorrhoea, commonly known as vaginal discharge is one of the important major issues experienced in gynecological practice. It is usual to experience some white discharge. Leucorrhoea is a condition in which there is an excessive amount of white discharge from the vaginal area as a result of inflammation or infection of the lower genital tract, which causes discomfort. Physiologically or pathologically, the symptom can affect people of any age. The vulnerable are those with a low socioeconomic status. Most women of all ages have dealt with it, especially when they are of child bearing or reproductive age. As in our country due to poor nutrition, multiple childbirth, low socioeconomic status, poverty, population growth, negligence of proper hygiene, many women are anaemic, malnourished, ill-health may suffer from such infection. It is important to treat Shweta Pradar (leucorrhoea) as soon as possible because it might lead to major complications if not treated. For abnormal white vaginal discharges, the word "Shweta Pradar" has been described in Ayurveda and it is extensively discussed in Ayurvedic texts. Due to kapha and Vata Doshadhikya, this symptom appears. However, according to Charak Samhita, Kapha is the primary Dosha that causes leucorrhoea. In this case report, a 24-year-old female patient with Shweta Pradar has complained of white discharge for the past nine months, along with katisula (low back ache), Daurbalya (weakness), Kandu (itching), Durgandha (odour), and occasionally Daha (burning sensation). She was treated by Shamana Chikitsa (palliative treatment) and Yoni Prakshalana for one month. She got excellent relief in symptoms by above treatment</p> Sufia Mahmood Md. Nematullah Sukumar Ghosh Copyright (c) 2022 2022-06-30 2022-06-30 5 6 48 53 10.47223/IRJAY.2022.5606 Trataka: the Serene Consciousness https://irjay.com/index.php/irjay/article/view/Trataka-the-Serene-Consciousness <p>Trataka is a Yogic practice, which means to gaze steadily. It is the practice of meditation that involves staring at a single point such as a small object, black dot or candle flame. It is primarily used to purify the mind and provides the strength to concentrate but it also improves eyesight and stimulus the brain via optic nerve. It acts as stepping stone between physically oriented practices and mental practices which lead to higher states of awareness. Trataka is explained in Shatkarma. Shatkarma is combination of six karmas of purification. The six types of karmas are: Dhauti, Basti, Neti, Trataka, Nauli and Kapala Bhati. Among those Shatkarma, Trataka destroys the eye diseases and removes sloth, etc. It is traditionally associated with Hath Yoga but it can also be used to achieve Raja<br>Yoga. It forms a bridge between Hath Yoga and Raja Yoga. Yoga is a traditional method of meditation of ancient India which has explained about Shatkarma.</p> Sushmita Anjali Copyright (c) 2022 2022-06-30 2022-06-30 5 6 54 56 10.47223/IRJAY.2022.5607 Shalparni (Desmodium Gangeticum) – A Review from Pharmacological Perspective https://irjay.com/index.php/irjay/article/view/Shalparni-Desmodium-Gangeticum-A-Review-from-Pharmacological-Per <p>Shalparni is a well-known plant in Ayurveda literature. The botanical name of Shalparni is Desmodium gangeticum DC., and belongs to the family Fabaceae. Shalparni is one of the constituent drug of Laghu panchmool and Dashmoola. Due to its madhura – tikta rasa and madhuravipaka it alleviates vitiated vaat and rakta dusthi, so it is indicated efficiently in vaatrakta chikitsa. In Charaka samhita it is<br>classified in sothhara mahakashya and in Sushruta it is classified in Vidarigandhadi gana and laghupanchamula. Desmodidium gangeticum has many ethnomedical uses.In various nighantus, it is also indicated in Atisara, Shosha, Shopha, Jwara, Visha, Krimi rogas. Shalparni possesses aphrodisiac, cardiotonic, nervine tonic, febrifuge, haemostatic, and anti-helminthic properties. Shalparni<br>also has anti-inflammatory, analgesic, antibacterial, anticholinesterase, smooth muscle relaxant, antipyretic, CNS stimulant and depressor, and bronchial muscle relaxant properties</p> Pramila kumari Mohd Imtiyaj Masum Vijaya Copyright (c) 2022 2022-06-30 2022-06-30 5 6 57 63 10.47223/IRJAY.2022.5608 Review on Gandhaka Druti: An Unexplored Herbo-mineral Formulation https://irjay.com/index.php/irjay/article/view/Review-on-Gandhaka-Druti-An-Unexplored-Herbo-mineral-Formulation <p>Gandhaka is a Rasa-dravya that is commonly used in Ayurvedic practice. One of the most unique dosage forms involving Gandhaka is “Gandhaka-druti,” which is a herbo-mineral formulation with an oil base indicated in various diseases. Despite its applicability in different diseases and promising results with minimum dose, the various methods of its preparation and entirety of its indication need to be explored. The present study is an effort to compile different textual references related to the formulation pertaining to its preparation and applicability beyond skin diseases along with recent research updates in order to pave way for the Ayurvedic fraternity to make utmost use of this wonder drug. Through thorough review, 13 different varieties of Gandhaka druti was obtained from different literature and also 8 different studies related to this. Most of the study was based on the popular method and other indications are still unexplored. Furthermore, research based on various indications is required in Ayurveda. The present study has reviewed the scope from the classical texts to emphasize the application of Gandhaka druti in various conditions rather than the skin disorders.</p> Sangeetham P Baby P.G. Jadar Copyright (c) 2022 2022-06-30 2022-06-30 5 6 64 69 10.47223/IRJAY.2022.5609 A Review on Ethnomedicinal Claims of Desmodium Triquetrum (L.) DC. https://irjay.com/index.php/irjay/article/view/A-Review-on-Ethnomedicinal-Claims-of-Desmodium-Triquetrum-L-DC <p>Desmodium triquetrum (L.) DC.is synonym of Tadahagi triquetrum (L.) H.Ohashi belongs to the family Fabaceae. Desmodium triquetrum (L.) DC. is traditionally used in common cold, sore throat, hemoptysis due to lung diseases, hepatomegaly, enteritis,<br>traumatic injury, etc.</p> <p><strong>Aim:</strong> The aim of this review is to provide comprehensive information on ethnomedicinal claims of Desmodium triquetrum (L.) DC. from published literatures, books related to ethnobotany and ethnomedicine.</p> <p><strong>Materials and Methods:</strong> All the available information on Desmodium triquetrum (L.) DC.was collected via published literatures, books like Medicinal plants of Gujarat, Reviews on Indian medicinal plants, The wealth of India NISCAIR, etc. The obtained information was distributed into part-wise ethnomedicinal claims, region-wise traditional claims, local names in different languages, and therapeutic indications.</p> <p><strong>Result:</strong> It has been found to be reported in more than 23 states in India, widely distributed in western parts of India common in Maharashtra, Kerala, Karnataka, Gujarat etc.Its root, leaves, and the whole plant has been recommended in 19 different diseases both externally and internally. The whole plant has maximum application in 12 different diseased conditions, followed by root and leaves in 4 and 3 diseases respectively.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> Desmodium triquetrum (L.) DC. is widely used for treatment of chronic cough and tuberculosis and also, the leaves have been used as a substitute for tea by hill tribes in upper Assam. As the findings, Desmodium triquetrum (L.) DC. need to explore with the help of detailed investigation, especially through pharmacological properties.</p> Ankita A. Manave Bhupesh Patel Preeti Pandya Copyright (c) 2022 2022-06-30 2022-06-30 5 6 70 76 10.47223/IRJAY.2022.5610 Relation Between Gut Brain Axis and Agni https://irjay.com/index.php/irjay/article/view/Relation-Between-Gut-Brain-Axis-and-Agni <p>"All diseases begin in the gut" - Hippocrates of Kos, this statement was made by Greek physician Hippocrates, regarded as the father of modern medicine1 ; although the importance of Agni (the digestive fire) has already been sold by Acharya charaka when he states that "the cause of all diseases is Mandagni" It has become evident that the intestinal bacteria and flora can affect the central nervous system (CNS) physiology and has an important role to play in the pathological conditions of the same. The nervous system and the gastrointestinal tract are communicating hrough a bidirectional network of signaling pathways called the gut-brain axis, which consists of multiple connections, including the vagus nerve, the immune system, and bacterial metabolites and products. It is clearly visible in the case of psychosomatic disorders like Ulcerative colitis, etc. that Gut is affected by Brain and vice-versa.</p> Aarti Chande Shripathi Acharya G Sreelakshmy Changath Copyright (c) 2022 2022-06-30 2022-06-30 5 6 77 81 10.47223/IRJAY.2022.5611 Oothu Chikitsa (Blowing Therapy)-A Review on Crisis Management in Snake Bites https://irjay.com/index.php/irjay/article/view/Oothu-Chikitsa-Blowing-Therapy-A-Review-on-Crisis-Management-in- <p><strong>Background:</strong> Snake bite management is one of the perplexing tasks in present day due to shortage of envenomation therapy. It is an emergency condition requiring quick acting remedy for different symptoms. Agada Tantra (toxicology) is one such branch of ayurveda which deals with the treatment principles of envenomation by animal or plant. Few empirical textbooks on Visha chikithsa of Kerala mention a therapeutic procedure ‘Oothu chikitsa’ (blowing therapy) to manage crisis of snake bite.</p> <p><strong>Source:</strong> Literary review from the classical text.</p> <p><strong>Indications:</strong> Classically the procedure is employed in snake bite victim presenting with diminished sensorium to both verbal and physical stimuli, by blowing a combination of drugs into the ears and over the scalp. This practice is still alive as a legacy at door-step of traditional practitioners of Kerala.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> Oothu chikitsa is feasible and effective in condition where patient is losing consciousness due to envenomation. These practices need to be explored and understood to improvise the management of envenomation and uphold its importance</p> Swathi Sharma Santosh F Patil Harish Babu H Bramhadattan Namboodiri Copyright (c) 2022 2022-06-30 2022-06-30 5 6 82 87 10.47223/IRJAY.2022.5612 Management of Skin Disorders in Ayurveda : A Review https://irjay.com/index.php/irjay/article/view/Management-of-Skin-Disorders-in-Ayurveda-A-Review <p>Skin is the largest organ of human body. Its size and external location makes it susceptible to various disorders. Skin diseases are mostly caused by infections like bacteria, fungi etc. All the skin diseases in Ayurveda have been classified under the broad heading of Kushta which are further classified into Mahakushta and Kshudrakushta. Ayurveda has its own unique principles of diagnosis and treatment of various skin diseases under the heading of Kuṣṭha. A review was conducted from the relevant texts of Ayurvedic and contemporary science to collect information about the skin diseases and their treatment through Ayurveda. The review concluded that Ayurveda management through Shodhana and Shamana Chikitsa (with Ayurvedic herbs) is beneficial in skin diseases.</p> Sonal Shah Amit chingale Varashali Gambhire Copyright (c) 2022 2022-06-30 2022-06-30 5 6 88 91 10.47223/IRJAY.2022.5613 Conceptual Studies on Cellular Aging and Programmed Cell Death in Light of Swabhavoparama Vada and Kshanabhangura Vada https://irjay.com/index.php/irjay/article/view/Conceptual-Studies-on-Cellular-Aging-and-Programmed-Cell-Death-i <p>In this universe, no living being is eternal. Birth and death are the two terminal point of life. Where we can point out to many causes of genesis, there is no absolute reason behind the annihilation of beings as it becomes certain once a creature is born , it will going to die one day. Every biological cycle has its own causes for its start-up but it has come to end one moment with no absolute cause behind for its cessation. Cells are the structural and functional unit of every living beings. Cells normally maintain a steady state called homeostasis in which the intracellular milieu is kept within a fairly narrow range of physiologic parameters. But every cell under goes aging and ultimately death. Cell death is one of the most crucial events in the evolution of disease in any tissue or organ. Cell death also is a normal and essential process in embryogenesis, the development of organs, and the maintenance of homeostasis. A number of cellular functions decline progressively with age. Cellular aging is the result of a progressive decline in the life span and functional capacity of cells. Although many theories have been propounded why the cell attains senescence and death, we still actually don’t know why these senescence and death cannot be avoided and these become certain for every cell. In absence of proper explanation, the need of the hour is to study both the phenomenon i.e. cellular aging and apoptosis in comparison with the Ayurvedic doctrine of Swabhavoparama Vada (doctrine of natural destruction) and Buddhist doctrine of Kshanabhangura Vada (doctrine of momentariness). The proper understanding of these eternal theories may help us to find answers of many unsolved questions regarding cell’s life cycle and can open the doors of possibilities for new research and discoveries.</p> Bijita Majumder Sukalyan Ray Copyright (c) 2022 2022-06-30 2022-06-30 5 6 92 99 10.47223/IRJAY.2022.5614 Classification of Kushtha According to Acharyas: A Review https://irjay.com/index.php/irjay/article/view/Classification-of-Kushtha-According-to-Acharyas-A-Review <p>Ayurveda is one of the most ancient systems of life, health and cure. Its antiquity goes back to the Vedas. The skin is the body's biggest and most protective organ. A healthy skin is a reflection of good health though skin illnesses affect the body, they also cause psychological problems and can harm the affected person in a variety of ways, including discomfort, disfigurement, handicap, and death. Ayurveda has discussed all skin disease under the umbrella of Kushtha, in other word it can be listed as all Ayurvedic dermatology manifestations under 18 sub types of Kushtha. Sushruta has termed it as ‘Tvagamaya’ &amp; it is chronic in nature.</p> Shakuntala Nagar Niranjan Gautam Copyright (c) 2022 2022-06-30 2022-06-30 5 6 100 104 10.47223/IRJAY.2022.5615 Akshi Tarpana: An Eye Rejuvenation https://irjay.com/index.php/irjay/article/view/Akshi-Tarpana-An-Eye-Rejuvenation <p>Akshi is the most important Gyan Indriya. It is the site of Alochaka Pitta. Sushruta The Father of Surgery has recommended “Kriyakalpa” for the management of Akshi Roga. The term Kriyakalpa refers to the treatment, which can be applied for almost all types of Akshi Roga. Kriyakalpa comprises of Tarpana, Putpaka, Seka, Aschyotana and Anjana. Akshi Tarpana is a procedure to ensure that the healthy status of the eye is maintained in a normal condition as well as diseased states. In this procedure medicated oil or ghee is retained in the eyes for fixed time in a specific formed frame. According to modern pharmacology, drug penetration depends upon permeability of layers. The epithelium &amp; endothelium of cornea is highly permeable for lipid content, while stroma is permeable to only water content. Thus, fat soluble and water-soluble drugs readily penetrate these layers. In this article there is a review on Akshi Tarpana Karma, their indications, contraindications and possible mode of action is discussed.</p> Sushmita Anjali Copyright (c) 2022 2022-06-30 2022-06-30 5 6 105 111 10.47223/IRJAY.2022.5616 A Review On Ethnomedicinal Claims Of Acanthospermum Hispidum DC https://irjay.com/index.php/irjay/article/view/A-Review-On-Ethnomedicinal-Claims-Of-Acanthospermum-Hispidum-DC <p><strong>Introduction:</strong> Plants are of immense value to human health and roughly 80% of world’s population relies on them for cure of various diseased conditions. The aim of present review was to provide the all available ethnomedicinal information and research updates pertaining to Acanthospermum hispidum DC.<br><br><strong>Materials and Methods:</strong> Information regarding ethnomedicinal claim were reviewed by using the available books with especial reference to medicinal plants compiled from books on ethnobotany and research articles available on internet till date. The obtained Information were categorized as per vernacular names, locality, used parts, therapeutic claims, type and mode of administration along with ingredients and dosage forms of the preparations.<br><br><strong>Results:</strong> Acanthospermum hispidum DC. is annual herb in the family Asteraceae, which is native to central and south America, reported in 60 countries and moist habitat throughout India. This plant used as traditional medicine for various disease condition. All parts of plants are used for medicinal purpose through both the routes i.e external and internal.<br><br><strong>Conclusion:</strong> Acanthospermum hispidum DC. conducting provable scientific studies (pharmacological and clinical) were needed to establish its multiple ethnomedicinal claims.</p> Mital A. Patel Bhupesh Patel Preeti Pandya Copyright (c) 2022 2022-06-30 2022-06-30 5 6 112 118 10.47223/IRJAY.2022.5617 A Review on (Dalbergia Sissoo Roxb.) with special reference to its Role in Kustha as Per Brihtrayi https://irjay.com/index.php/irjay/article/view/A-Review-on-Dalbergia-Sissoo-Roxb-with-special-reference-to-its- <p>From the very first time man has been in close contact with the flora around him. From time passing directed him to use different plants to treat various ailments. The analysis of Dravya. Rasa, Guna, Virya and Vipaka on the basis of Panchamahabhut is a remarkable landmark during samhita period and classical uses are also important. There are many drugs were in practical use and the data’s recorded in the form of samhita. The present encyclopaedic study aims to high lighten the therapeutic value of Simsapa (Dalbergia sissoo Roxb.) with special reference in kustha. Dalbergia sissoo(Roxb.) is one of the important plant species used for Kustha.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Pramila kumari Ashwini Kumar sharma Pradeep soni Masum Copyright (c) 2022 2022-06-30 2022-06-30 5 6 119 123 10.47223/IRJAY.2022.5618 A Critical Review of Phaltrikadi Ghana Vati in the Management of Kamala w.s.r to (Jaundice) https://irjay.com/index.php/irjay/article/view/A-Critical-Review-of-Phaltrikadi-Ghana-Vati-in-the-Management-of <p>In Ayurvedic Classics a number of single drugs and formulations have been mentioned for treatment of liver disorders. Phalatrikadi Ghana vati is one of the important and prestigious formulation, which is successfully used from the ancient<br>period.</p> <p><strong>AIM:</strong> The main aim of this review study to know the pharmacological action of this formula on the level of dosha (physiological entity of our body), bhutagni as we know that liver is the main seat of the bhutagni and positive role of Phaltrikadi ghana vati in treatment or avoiding harmful effects of so many agents as drugs, chemicals, toxins and alcohol. Due to the properties like - Pitta, Kaphashamaka, Yakriduttejaka, Shothahara, Pandurogahar, Rechan, Deepan etc. Ghana vati of Triphala (Hareetaki, Vibheetaki and Amalaki), Amrita, Nimba, Tikta (Katuki), Vasa, and Kiratattikta (Bhunimb) taken with honey or warm water pacify the koshthashrit kamala and shakhashrita kamala. Jaundice is a common disorder. The clinical features of jaundice go hand in hand with that of kamala. Phalatrikadi Ghana vati, is being utilized for the management of kamala from ancient time.</p> Sandhyarani Khuntia Pradip Kumar Panda Manoranjan Sahu Utkalini Nayak Copyright (c) 2022 2022-06-30 2022-06-30 5 6 124 133 10.47223/IRJAY.2022.5619 A Conceptual Study of Rakta Pradoshaja Vikara https://irjay.com/index.php/irjay/article/view/A-Conceptual-Study-of-Rakta-Pradoshaja-Vikara <p>Rakta Dhatu is the second Dhatu formed in the body which is responsible for the sustenance of Prana. It provides Bala, Varna, Sukha and Ayusha. Disease manifestation depends upon the immune status of the Dhatu in the body, which in turn depends upon the nutrition drawn from Ahara rasa. Hence it should be safeguarded through proper Ahara and Paniyas without any negligence. If Rakta<br>gets vitiated by the Doshas then it leads to "Rakta Pradosaja Vikaras" like Mukhapaka, Raktapitta etc. It is essential to have proper knowledge about Rakta Dhatu, its physiological and pathological states and their consequences on the body. Hence an attempt is made to study and understand through the authors’ perspective about Rakta Dhatu and its Vikara in all possible ways following the<br>fundamental treatises</p> Anamika Das Manoj Ku. Sahoo Nabin Ku.Behera Bhagya Ranjan Dash Copyright (c) 2022 2022-06-30 2022-06-30 5 6 134 138 10.47223/IRJAY.2022.5620 A Conceptual Review of Amlapitta w.s.r to Gastro-Esophageal Reflux Disease https://irjay.com/index.php/irjay/article/view/A-Conceptual-Review-of-Amlapitta-w-s-r-to-Gastro-Esophageal-Refl <p>Today due to modern life style and food habits most of the population is suffering from a common disease called as Amlapitta. Amlapitta is a result of inappropriate dietary regimen or stress. Amlapitta is one of the commonest diseases of Annavaha srotas (Gastrointestinal tract) caused by vitiated Agni. Here in this present paper Amlapitta disease is reviewed in detail according to Ayurvedic view and Modern view. Amlapitta is a condition where Amlaguna (Sour Taste) of Pachak pitta (gastric Juice) increases due to Samata. Amlapitta has been considered as Pitta pradhana Tridoshaja Vyadhi (compound disease caused by multiple factors). Aacharya Kashyapa has mentioned as the involvement of three Doshas in Amlapitta while Madhavkara has mentioned that the pitta is dominant in this disease.</p> Diptimayee Rout Pradeep Ku Panda Utkalini Nayak Ambuja Kumar Biswal Copyright (c) 2022 2022-06-30 2022-06-30 5 6 139 144 10.47223/IRJAY.2022.5621 A Concept of Paradi Guna (Samyoga) and its Clinical Utility https://irjay.com/index.php/irjay/article/view/A-Concept-of-Paradi-Guna-Samyoga-and-its-Clinical-Utility <p>In the present day scenario prime need of Ayurveda is practical applicability of Ayurvedic fundamental principles and research should be more focused on all aspects where scientific inputs should confirm Ayurveda’s principle and philosophy. Ayurveda describes all the substances in terms of five elements, i.e Rasa, Guna, Virya, Vipaka, Prabhav. Among these guna has been accepted as the basic entity of Srushti by Ayurveda as well as Philosophy. Ayurveda has provided significance to all Gunas so that they become useful in clinical practice. Though there are many factors on which accomplishment of treatment depends, among these Charaka has given principle importance of Paradi gunas. Paradi gunas can also be termed as miscellaneous properties which are needed to be present in pharmacists, physicians and researchers. Acharya Charaka says that “Sidhyupaya chikista” i.e successful management of disease is not possible without the knowledge of Paradi Gunas. Paradi gunas play an important role in selection, adaption, manifestation of drug as per condition of the Diseases and the patient, in particular Desha and Kala. Paradi guna are 10 in number. Out of these Samyoga<br>Guna is one of them. No karma can occur without Samyoga. This Samyoga used by physicians and pharmacists in formulating different yogas. One can further understand the importance of Samyoga Guna by using Anupana with Ahara and Aushadha e.g Haritaki churna mixed with Gavya ghrita for Vibandha. Thus the literary review of Paradi Gunas serves to explore the subject of the clinical practice</p> Monalisa Hansdah Arun Kumar Das Manoj Kumar Sahoo Bhagya Ranjan Dash Copyright (c) 2022 2022-06-30 2022-06-30 5 6 145 149 10.47223/IRJAY.2022.5622 A Comprehensive Study of Mana in Shavasana https://irjay.com/index.php/irjay/article/view/A-Comprehensive-Study-of-Mana-in-Shavasana <p>Increase incidence of Manasika Vikara or mental illness is the main concern in today’s world. Manasika dosha generally vitiates the mind and causes different psychological conditions. In Bhagvat Gita lord Krishna says that, our Aatma is our real friend but positive thinking and control over mind is very important otherwise it becomes our enemy and at that time mental disorders occur. There are so many treatments described in ayurvedic and modern practises. As prevention is better than cure its better to practise yoga to reduce stress. several studies on result of standard observe of yogasana have discovered physical and mental welfare. In today’s world, everybody feels stressed from time to time, Stress may be a feeling of being beneath abnormal pressure. This pressure will come back from totally different aspects of your daily life. In currently stress is taken into account a significant causative issue for several diseases. In several analysis it's been found that Stress caused thanks to varied factors that have an effect on vascular system.<br>Several studies have shown that active of Shavasana decreases the guts rate, improves the compliance of the blood vessels, regulates regular recurrence, and will increase the stroke volume. This article is tried to focus on, how Shavasana affect our mind form classical and modern point of view.</p> Kratika Saini Priyanka Kumari Balaji Thakur Bhanu Pratap Singh Copyright (c) 2022 2022-06-30 2022-06-30 5 6 150 153 10.47223/IRJAY.2022.5623 A Brief Review of Ophthalmology In Indian Classical Literature https://irjay.com/index.php/irjay/article/view/A-Brief-Review-of-Ophthalmology-In-Indian-Classical-Literature <p>Shalakya Tantra existed from ancient times, however not clearly. In pre-Vedic India, copper and bronze rods (Shalaka) were used to apply Anjanas (collyria) to avoid eye problems. Even though Shalakya tantra isn't mentioned in Vedic literature, eye anatomy<br>and illnesses were known and treated in that age. Rigveda, the oldest known treatise,mentions eye illness treatment. Yajurveda mentions various eye components. Atharvaved addresses Netra's synonyms, eye disorders like akshi-yakshma, and their symptoms. In<br>Brahmanas and Upanishadas, the eye and its functions are described, along with blindness,netrasrava, and blindness cure. Shalakya word isn't mentioned. Shalakya Tantra was defined in the Samhita period, when Ayurveda developed in eight branches. Eye illnesses<br>induced by Vata, Pitta, Shleshma, and Sannipata are listed in Lalitvistara text of Buddhist literature. Panini calls Shalakya experts 'Shalakkii' and describes timira and arma. Eye illnesses aren't discussed in Agnivesha Tantra (Charak Samhita) in detail. In carak samhits Eye illnesses are characterised by doshic predominance and their origin and therapy are outlined. First 19 chapters of Shalakya are on ophthalmology. Sushruta Samhita describes local ocular therapeutic measures such as Kriya kalpa (Tarpana, Putpaka, Seka, Aschyotana and Anjana) and surgical techniques for treating eye problems. His eye surgical contributions are impressive. He discovered cataract surgery perhaps first. Vagbhatta detailed newer therapy techniques as Vidalaka, Gudana, and Sandhavanjana,<br>along with new formulations and procedures. Acharya Madhava characterised ocular ailments after Sushruta, adding Kunchana and Pakshmashata. Bhavaprakasha. Yog Ratnakar, etc. described ophthalmology similarly to Sushruta Samhita with formulations<br>for their treatment.</p> Prabhakar Vardhan Sanjeev Sharma Shamsa Fiaz Copyright (c) 2022 2022-06-30 2022-06-30 5 6 154 162 10.47223/IRJAY.2022.5624 A Childhood Malnutrition Deficiency in India- A Review on Karshya https://irjay.com/index.php/irjay/article/view/A-Childhood-Malnutrition-Deficiency-in-India-A-Review-on-Karshya <p>Ayurveda prioritises prevention over cure. The first of the three pillars, Ahara (Food), is followed by Nidra and Brahmacharya. A balanced diet can help you avoid a lot of common health concerns. Food is significant as a nutritional source, as well as having therapeutic value, and it plays a crucial part in regaining strength lost due to the disease's detrimental effects throughout the post-treatment phase. Ayurvedic scriptures haphazardly explain nutritional issues. Childhood malnutrition is thought to be the cause of 35% of all fatalities in children under the age of five, as well as 21% of total worldwide disability-adjusted life years lost in children under the age of five. Karshya is a childhood malnutrition-like illness. Similarly, diseases described by diverse Ayurvedic authors as Parigarbhika,<br>Phakka, Balashosha, and Shuska Revati might be linked to undernutrition based on clinical symptoms. These illnesses were linked to one another. The Ayurvedic perspective on dietary disorders such as protein-energy deficiency is highlighted in this article.</p> Shruti Keerti Nigam Abhinav Khare Shambhu P. Patel Sujit Kumar Copyright (c) 2022 2022-06-30 2022-06-30 5 6 163 167 10.47223/IRJAY.2022.5625 Physiological Importance of Apan Vayu in Mutranishkramanprakriya in Relation to Micturition Reflex https://irjay.com/index.php/irjay/article/view/Physiological-Importance-of-Apan-Vayu-in-Mutranishkramanprakriya <p>Ayurveda is an ancient Indian system of medicine whose major goal is to keep healthy people well and cure diseased people. That is why, from ancient times, people from all over the world have been looking to India. Health, according to Ayurveda, is a state in which the dosha, agni, dhaatu, mala, and all physiological processes are in a homeostatic state, and the soul, sense organs, and mind are all in &nbsp;state of absolute wellbeing. The Vatadosha is the most significant of the three doshas, and it is in charge of controlling all types of movements. Aahara is turned into saara and kitta part when the food is digested by agni with the help of samanavayu. With the harmonization of other Prana and Vyanavayus, apanavayu eliminates the kitta part of food. In pakvadhana, the apanavayu passes through the sroni (pelvis), basti (urinary bladder), medhra (external genital equipment of each sex), and uru (thighs). It aids samirana (flatus), sakrit (feces), mutra (urine), sukra(semen), garbha (foetus), and artava (menstrual fluid) removal.An attempt hasbeen made in this article to comprehend the physiological significance of apanvayu in micturition. The core resources for this study were gathered from Ayurvedic classics with available commentaries, as well as modern medical science text books for a better grasp of the subject.</p> Richa Sharma Rajesh Kumar Sharma Dinesh Chandra Sharma Copyright (c) 2022 2022-06-30 2022-06-30 5 6 168 172 10.47223/IRJAY.2022.5626 Conceptual Study of Amavata : A Commonest Problem https://irjay.com/index.php/irjay/article/view/Conceptual-Study-of-Amavata-A-Commonest-Problem <p>Amavata is made up of two words Ama &amp; vata, Ama means incomplete formation of Annarasa; It is Diseases of Rsavahastrotas, when aggravated Vata &amp; Ama combine Pathogenesis of Amavata Occurs. Clinical Features include Swelling &amp; Stiffness of joints, fever &amp; Pain. These symptoms related to Rheumatological arthritis. Due to It`s chronicity, incurability, complication, it is a challenging disease. Many allopathic drugs are prescribed for this but they give only Symptomatic relief. Ayurveda play major role here. The treatment procedure<br>described are langhana, swedana, dipana, virechana, Basti.</p> Mayurika D. Khadayata B.T. Shinde Suse Sandip Bhausaheb, Harsh pandya Copyright (c) 2022 2022-06-30 2022-06-30 5 6 173 177 10.47223/IRJAY.2022.5627 Immunomodulator Effect of Swarna Prashana (Oral Administration of Gold as Electuary) -A Conceptual Study https://irjay.com/index.php/irjay/article/view/Immunomodulator-Effect-of-Swarna-Prashana-Oral-Administration-of <p>Swarna Prashana (the oral administration of gold as an electuary) is a unique Ayurvedic treatment in the field of children. The canonical textbook of Kaumarabhritya (paediatrics), Kashyapa Samhita, illustrates this unusual formulation in the setting of Lehana (licking procedure by electuary). It has been explained that gold should be triturated with water, honey, and Ghrita on a prewashed and clean stone facing east, and the semisolid concoction should be presented to the Shishu/infant. Swarna has been used in a variety of forms and doses throughout history, including raw gold, pure metal, gold foils, red colloidal solution, Swarna Patra, Swarna Parpati, and Bhasma, to name a few. Swarnaprashana is a practise in which Swarna and herbs are given to children orally in the form of a liquid, semi-solid, or paste. Madhu + Ghrita + Abharak bhasma + Swarna Bhasma + Swarnamakshik bhasma + Brahmi Churna + Kantakari +Shankhpushpi +Haritaki +Haridra + Kootha are the constituents of Swarna prashana. In Present Conceptual study describe the Immunomodulator effect of Swarna Prashana in detail according to Ayurveda.</p> Naresh Kumar Garg Dharmendra Sharma Trilok chand Satynarayan bansal Copyright (c) 2022 2022-06-30 2022-06-30 5 6 178 182 10.47223/IRJAY.2022.5628 Review of Previous Research Works Done on Tamak Shwasa Conducted Across India and Role of Different Treatment Modalities in Tamak Shwasa https://irjay.com/index.php/irjay/article/view/Review-of-Previous-Research-Works-Done-on-Tamak-Shwasa-Conducted <p>At present era, many chronic recurrent airway disorders are increasingly seen all over the global population. Tamak Shwasa is one of such disorder described in Ayurveda. It is one of the variety among five types of Shwasa roga characterized by prolonged expiration, wheeze, dyspnoea of exceedingly deep velocity, which is immensely injurious to life. In modern science, it can be correlated with bronchial asthma. According to Ayurveda Tamak shwasa is a Yapya vyadhi. It is not serious as Maha, Urdhva and Chhinna shwasa but it is a very troublesome disease and long lasting with frequent episodes (attacks) difficult to bring under control unless quick and prompt treatment is not provided. Shodhana and Shaman chikitsa are the important line of treatment described in Ayurvedic classics. Shodhana karma is studied to be a necessary prerequisite in managing Shwasa roga, particularly in patients with sufficient strength, because the disease is manifested by the aggravated Prana vayu and by the obstruction of Kapha. Similary there are lots of herbal drugs and rasa preparation having Vatakaphashamak, Ushna, Vatanulomana, Shwasahar and Kasahara properties which seems to be very effective in the treatment of Tamak shwasa. So there are many research studies were done by various previous scholars on Shodhana karma, rasa preparation and herbal drugs to analyse their efficacy and effectiveness on the disease Tamak shwasa.</p> Vandana Rawat Arun Kumar Tripathi P.R. Tiwari Copyright (c) 2022 2022-06-30 2022-06-30 5 6 183 196 10.47223/IRJAY.2022.5629 A Comparative Study on Vidangadi Churna and Amrutadya Guggul in the Management of Sthoulya with special reference to Obesity https://irjay.com/index.php/irjay/article/view/A-Comparative-Study-on-Vidangadi-Churna-and-Amrutadya-Guggul-in- <p><strong>Background:</strong> Sthoulya is a disorder dominated by medadhatu due to abnormal accumulation of meda in Gatra pradesha specifically in Sphik, Udara, Stana and Gala. It is caused by morbid kapha dosha initially and later pitta and Vaata involved in its pathogenesis. This vitiated Dosha or Doshas afflict. The medadhatu involving medovaha srotas produces the related symptom of its own srotas. Further in later stage due abnormal accumulation of Abadha apachita meda in other respective srotas exhibits lakshanas like Javoparodha, Ayusohrasa, and Swedabadha etc. as its complication. The mode of onset is usually gradual depending upon the Nidana‟s like Atisampurna aahara, Avyaayama, Manasika bhava‟s, Beejadoshaja and by Nidanarthakara karana‟s. The involvement of pitta and vaata dosha‟s along kapha dosha in the pathogenesis of Sthoulya can be well appreciated by their symptoms like Swedadhikya, Atikshudha, Ati Pipasa, Dourgandhya, Javoparodha, Dourbalya, and Utshahani etc</p> <p><strong>Aim:</strong> To assess the clinical efficacy of Vidangadi churna and Amrutadya guggul in the management of Sthoulya (obesity).</p> <p><strong>Materials and Methods:</strong> The clinical studies were conducted by the Randomized Comparative Clinical Study method; this method compared the clinical efficacy of Vidangadi churna and Amrutadya guggul in the management of Sthoulya (obesity).</p> <p><strong>Result:</strong> In Group A, 2 patients (10%) were shown marked improvement, 16 patients (80%) were shown moderate improvement and 2 patients (10%) were shown mild improvement. In Group B, 3 patients (15%) were shown marked improvement, 15 patients ( 75% ) were shown moderate improvement and 2 patients (10% ) were shown mild improvement.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion-</strong> There is no much difference in the results of the both the treatment. Both the drug significantly effective</p> Yougandhar Santosh Joshi Copyright (c) 2022 2022-06-30 2022-06-30 5 6 01 14 10.47223/IRJAY.2022.5601 Effect of Dasamuladi Yog and Snigdha Agnikarma in Management of Gridhrasi(Sciatica) https://irjay.com/index.php/irjay/article/view/Effect-of-Dasamuladi-Yog-and-Snigdha-Agnikarma-in-Management-of- <p><strong>Background:</strong> Gridhrasi in ayurveda mentioned under vataja nanatmaja vyadhi, with pain, numbness and heaviness being the most common feature along the course of sciatic nerve distribution starting from sphik,kati , prushtha, uru,janu, jangha till pada, Sciatica lately has become a very troublesome disease to a mass people and seemed to be increasing irrespective of gender, due to unhealthy and haphazard lifestyle. Modern medicine and surgical intervention are yet to provide a promising result, while ayurveda has opted different treatment principles for the same.</p> <p><strong>Aims and objectives:</strong> Clinical study to rule out the efficacy of dasamuladi yog and snigdha agrikarma in management of gridhrasi(sciatica).</p> <p><strong>Materials and methods:</strong> a randomized clinical study was done on a total of 80 number of patients diagnosed with sciatica, attending Kayachiktsa Department, in Govt. Ayurvedic College and Hospital,Guwahati. Oral intervention with Dasamuladi yog and therapeutic intervention of Snigdha agnikarma for a period of 30 days, was provided with follow up of 15 days apart.</p> <p><strong>Result:</strong> Significant changes noted in 1st follow up, marked improvement in different symptoms were noted after completion of treatment.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> the proposed therapy can be effective and adopted as an alternative approach to treat sciatica</p> Pratibha Sarmah Bishnu Prasad Sarma Ranjan Kalita Copyright (c) 2022 2022-06-30 2022-06-30 5 6 15 23 10.47223/IRJAY.2022.5602 A Comparative Clinical Study on Effect of Vasa Guggul and Chinnodbhava Kwath in the Management of Amlapitta https://irjay.com/index.php/irjay/article/view/A-Comparative-Clinical-Study-on-Effect-of-Vasa-Guggul-and-Chinno <p><strong>Background:</strong> In the 21st century the era of competition life it is full with stress having more speed and accuracy are the prime demands. The needs of the human being are infinite but the availability is less to fulfil the growing needs which have no end. Nowadays the people are attracted towards the junk foods; they are changing their diet pattern, life style and behavioural pattern, working with stress and strain. So, the people are becoming stressful with worry, tension, and anxiety causing so many psychological disorders, which hampers the digestion and is causing acidity, gastritis, dyspepsia, ulcer and anorexia. All these symptoms can be covered under the broad umbrella of Amlapitta in Ayurveda. In the nidanas of the Amlapitta mainly causing dietary factors, addiction of alcohol, tobacco chewing, or smoking are chiefly associated ones and commonly found.</p> <p><strong>Aim:</strong> To assess the clinical efficacy of vasa guggul and chinnodbhava kwath in the management of amlapitta.</p> <p><strong>Materials and Methods:</strong> The clinical studies were conducted by the random comparative method; this method compared the clinical efficacy of vasa guggul and chinnodbhava kwath in the management of amlapitta.</p> <p><strong>Result:</strong> In Group A (Vasa Guggul) 3 Patients (15%) and Group B (Chinnodbhava Kwath) 10 Patients (50%) were shown marked improvement.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion-</strong> Hence Both the Drugs gave good improvement in both groups. But test Group B (Chinnodbhawa Kwath) is slightly more effective than Group A (Vasa Guggul).</p> Babar Vitthalrao Villas Copyright (c) 2022 2022-06-30 2022-06-30 5 6 24 37 10.47223/IRJAY.2022.5603 Integrative Medicine in J&K: Opportunities and Challenges https://irjay.com/index.php/irjay/article/view/Integrative-Medicine-in-JK-Opportunities-and-Challenges <p>India, the cradle of civilization has always been anepicenter of medical pluralism. India gifted the world with<br />some of the popular health care systems which includes Ayurveda, Yoga and Siddha and disciplines of Unani and Sowa Rigpa (Amchi). These organized systems of health care evolved on this great land to be propagated all across the world. The beauty of medical pluralism is that these systems have so deeply in grained in the Indian culture that even after the wider popularization of western biomedical medicine, a great proportion of Indian population seek health care from these systems of medicine vis a vis biochemical medicine which laid the foundation of integrative medicine in India. In recent years, with the increasing burden of communicable and noncommunicable diseases, health care policy makers have realized that a single system of health care is not sufficient to provide holistic health and cater the health needs of an individual or a community, which changed the focus of health care policy makers to look towards the idea of integrative medicine. In the recent years, due to emergence of Covid-19 pandemic, the global upsurge of utilization of Ayush and Complementary and Alternative interventions for prevention and management of Covid-19 has been registered. Public health agencies in India promoted the use of integrated medical interventions in order to tackle this global health problem when there was no vaccine on the horizon. Patients and physicians worldwide use integrative medicine for the management of Noncommunicable diseases in order to reverse it or stop its progression. It is therefore necessary to understand the term in the larger perspective of health care and its scope in the health care delivery system for better public health</p> Mohan Singh Arun Gupta Sandeep Charak Copyright (c) 2022 2022-06-30 2022-06-30 5 6 38 43 10.47223/IRJAY.2022.5604 Devdarubaladi-Tail-Matra-Basti-in-Janu-Sandhigata-Vata-A-Case-Study https://irjay.com/index.php/irjay/article/view/Devdarubaladi-Tail-Matra-Basti-in-Janu-Sandhigata-Vata-A-Case-St <p>Sandhigatavata is the most common form of articular disorder which may begin asymptomatically in 2nd and 3rd decade of life and is extremely common by age of 60. Among all persons by age of 40 have some pathological changes in weight bearing joint which limits their day todays activity. In Sandhigatavata the diseases occur in sandhi i.e. joints and janusandhi i.e. knee is the mostly affected joint in Sandhigatavata. Vata dosha plays the major role in this disease. In this case study effect of Devdarubaladi taila matra basti for 21 days is assessed. The study reports significant relief in subjective parameters like Sandhishoola(joint pain), Sandhishotha(swelling), Sandhigraha(stiffness), Akunchana prasaranjanya vedana(pain during extension and flexion of joint), Sandhisphutana(crepitus).</p> Sanju Singh V. J. Tiwari Copyright (c) 2022 2022-06-30 2022-06-30 5 6 44 47 10.47223/IRJAY.2022.5605