International Research Journal of Ayurveda & Yoga <p>International Research Journal of Ayurveda &amp; Yoga (IRJAY) is a monthly (12 issues per year ) online peer reviewed international Journal. It is an open access online journal. This journal provide platform for PG scholars teachers and researchers to publish their good &amp; quality work in the field of Ayurveda and Yoga.IRJAY is developed for the researchers, scholars, scientists, post-docs and students who are seeking a platform for publishing their research work. This is the journal advised and developed by eminent and internationally renowned Ayurvedic professors, scientists and scholars. The journal aimed to publish high quality review articles, authentic research work,clinical trials and new innovative ideas.</p> <p>IRJAY confirms its adherence with guidelines and best practices published by professional organizations, including Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals (<a href=""></a>) from ICMJE and Principles of Transparency and Best Practice in Scholarly Publishing (joint statement by COPE, DOAJ, WAME, and OASPA; (<a href=""></a>).</p> en-US editor.irjay@Gmail.Com (International Research Journal of Ayurveda & Yoga (IRJAY)) (Ubitech Solutions Pvt Ltd.) Fri, 02 Jun 2023 10:16:18 +0000 OJS 60 A Clinical Evaluation of ‘Sharngyadi Churna’ and Herbal Nebulizer in the Management of Tamaka Shwasa w.s.r. to Bronchial Asthma : A Research Article. <p>Tamak shwasa is a type of Shwasa Roga in which patients feel excessive difficulty in breathing and drowning in the dark. It may be defined as a disease in which vitiated “Pranvayu” combines with deranged “kapha dosha” in the lungs, causing obstruction in the “Pranavaha srotasa” (respiratory passage). A number of indigenous drugs have been claimed in various text books of Ayurveda, to be effective in the treatment of Tamak shwasa (Bronchial asthma). The shrangyadi churna is one of<br>them. Nebulizer, a drug delivery system is based on aerosol principal and plays a very important role in asthma treatment; especially it is better for children, elderly patients, disabled individuals or those with diseases that make using their hands and taking deep breaths impossible. It delivers medication directly to the lungs. In aerosol through a nebulizer medicines passes straight into lungs and takes less time to work than orally medications. So a study was planned to evaluate the role of&nbsp; shrangyadi churna as a safe formulation for Tamak shwasa (Bronchial asthma) and a formulation of herbal drugs (Pushkar mulaadi yog ), in the form of alcohol based extract was planned for study as nebulizer medicine for the same purpose in this disease.</p> Prem Prakash, Mayukh Sharma Copyright (c) 2023 Wed, 31 May 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Comparative Evaluation of 4% Cranberry Gel And 1% Chlorhexidine Gel as an Adjunct to SRP in Gingivitis Patients. <p><strong>Introduction</strong> - Cranberry, a native North American fruit, has lately come into spotlight owing to its multiple beneficial effects on periodontal health.</p> <p><strong>Aim </strong>- To evaluate the anti-inflammatory and anti-plaque efficacy of 4% Cranberry gel as an adjunct to SRP in generalized moderate to severe gingivitis patients.</p> <p><strong>Methodology</strong> - 30 subjects with age range of 17 to 60 years, with moderate to severe gingivitis were chosen for study, After Phase-I therapy, the subjects were randomly allocated to 2 groups: Group 1(Test)(n=15)–4% cranberry gel and Group 2(Control)(n=15)–1% chlorhexidine gel (Hexigel®). Subjects were instructed to apply the pea sized amount of gel topically on the gingival surface, two times a day after brushing and to keep it for 5 minutes during 14-day period. The clinical outcomes plaque index gingival index and modified sulcular bleeding index were recorded at baseline, 7 th day and 21st day. Using ttest, statical analysis was performed.</p> <p><strong>Results</strong> – Both the group that received Cranberry gel and Hexi gel showed significant improvement in clinical parameters after 7 th and 21st days. However, on inter group comparison, there was no significant difference between two groups.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion</strong> – The 4% Cranberry gel as well as 1% Hexi gel were seen to be similarly efficient in generalized moderate to severe gingivitis patients</p> Kartik Radadiya Copyright (c) 2023 Wed, 31 May 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Efficacy of Dwitiya Baladi Basti and Shaman Chikitsa as an Analgesic in the Management of Katigraha (Low Back Pain). <p><strong>Background:</strong> Back Pain is the remarkably common disability around the world. Despite its frequency, backache is not a dramatic disease that arouses scientific curiosity and interest to the practitioners. Here an attempt has been made to evaluate the analgesic effect of Basti Chikitsa (Ayurvedic Enema therapy) in the patients with Katigraha (Chronic low back pain)</p> <p><strong>Aim:</strong> We aimed to evaluate the Rujahara (Analgesic) Effect of Dwitiya Baladi Yapana Basti in Comparison to Ayurvedic Medication (Tryodashanga Gugglu and Rasnadi Kwath) in the Management of Katigraha (Low Back Pain).</p> <p><strong>Materials and Methods:</strong> This study was conducted on 60 clinically diagnosed cases of Katigraha (Low Back Pain) from OPD of Ch. Brahm Prakash Ayurved Charak Sansthan, Khera Dabar, Najafgarh, New Delhi in a period of 12 months after taking institutional ethical clearance. Parameters to evaluate the analgesic effect were Oswestry’s disability index (ODI) as subjective parameter and Visual Analouge scale, Kemp’s test as objective parameters. Participants were divided into two groups: Group A – Dwitiya Baladi Yapana Basti was given and in Group B- Tryodashanga Gugglu and Rasnadi Kwath were given.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> A significant difference was found between two groups in objective parameters. In Group A there was a relief of 29.8% in ODI Scale, VAS Scale33.1% and Kemp’s test -65.2 % whereas in Group B there was a relief of 33.1% ODI scale, VAS Scale-22.4% and Kemp’s test- 36.8%.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> Both the group showed mild to moderate relief in the management of Katigraha. Both the group are equally effective in reducing the Ruja (pain) in Katigraha but Basti Karma showed more relief in objective parameters. No major adverse or side effect were encountered during the course of study</p> Vishal Aggarwal, Arun Gupta Copyright (c) 2023 Wed, 31 May 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Management of Amavata by Langhana Therapy-A Single Case Study. <p>Amavata is a common crippling and disabling disorder which affects the functional mobility of the patient in jeopardy. Amavata has symptoms similar to Rheumatoid Arthritis. RA has a prevalence of approximately 0.8% of the population, where women are affected 3 times more than the men. Recent reports suggest that RA affect about 1% of world population. Even in allopathic medicine, there is no current complete cure to RA, but managed with mere pain killers and immune suppressing therapies, long term use of which leads to many side effects. In Ayurvedic classic, the general principle for the management of Amavata mentions procedures like Langhanam (Reduction) Swedanam(Sudation) (mainly Ruksha Swedana),Deepana Aushadas (Kindling medicine)like Katu, Thikta aushad (medicine with tiktha katu rasa), Deeepana (kindling),Virechana (purgation), Snehapana (oelation),Vast(panchakarma procedure).This article is a review of Ayurvedic management of Amavata where only Langhana(reduction) line of treatment for Amavata is used, It is considered as the first line of treatment .This article is written to emphasise the role of Langhana Upakrama in Aamavata management<br>without using any one of the Bhrimhana Upakramas(Nourishment therapies).Here a case report of Amavata treated for a period of 16 days and thereby achieving remarkable reduction in pain and swelling with Langhana (Reduction)line of management is explained. Also, a follow up for a period of 1 month is taken where the patient had no recurrence of similar joint pains and swellings.</p> Aleena M.N, Abdul Ravoof P.K Copyright (c) 2023 Wed, 31 May 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Management of Kshudra Kushta (Tinea Cruris) through Ayurveda-A Case Report <p>Fungal infections are among the most common skin disease throughout the world. “Tinea cruris” infections are fungal infection that affects the groin, perineal and Peri-anal region. All the skin disease in Ayurveda have been discussed under broad heading of Kushta. Management of Kushta roga includes Shodhana, Shaman and Bahiparimarjana chikitsa. A 30 years old female patient presented to Prasuti Tantra Evum Stree Roga OPD, in June 2022 with complaining of itching in perineal region. On the basis of clinical examination, the case diagnosis was made as Kshudra Kushta w.s.r. Tinea Cruris. This paper highlights a case study of Kshudra kushta w.s.r. Tinea Cruris treated with ayurvedic principles.</p> Neha Dixit, Poonam Choudhary Copyright (c) 2023 Wed, 31 May 2023 00:00:00 +0000 A Case Study on Scrotal Abscess: An Ayurvedic Approach <p>An abscess that is either superficial or intra scrotal is known as a scrotal abscess (see illustration below). Infected hair follicles, infections from scrotal lacerations, or small scrotal procedures are the causes of the superficial scrotal abscess. An internal pus collection in the scrotum is referred to as a scrotal abscess. The skin pouch that houses the testicles is known as the scrotum. There are numerous potential causes of this illness. It could result from a bacterial infection in the urethra or bladder that is left untreated. Scrotum infection is a possibility. In addition, sexually transmitted illnesses may be the cause of the syndrome (STDs). Chlamydia and gonorrhea are a couple of STD examples. A supportive tumor that affects the outermost layers of the scrotal wall and is<br>surrounded by erythema is known as a scrotal abscess. A small pustule or papule may typically enlarge over time with increased pain, indurations, or fluctuance as part of the history. Fever and constitutional symptoms are typically absent.</p> Rahul Saini, Rajesh Kumar Gupta, Om Prakash Nain, Ram Karan Saini Copyright (c) 2023 Wed, 31 May 2023 00:00:00 +0000 A Review of Bhramari Pranayama's Impact on Mental Health <p><strong>Background</strong> -People's lifestyles have become very mechanical in the modern day. Everyone is in a rat race to meet their goals, which causes stress. The repercussions of this stress on a person's physical and mental health are further. The healthy development of emotional attitudes and personality that coexist peacefully with the entire society or community is what is meant by mental health. Sadvrittapalan, application of Acharrasayana, Yoga, and meditation practises are crucial for mental health prevention. Yoga consists of eight steps, and to control the sense organs called Indriyas, Pranayam is crucial. Significant and simple form of Ashtakumbhaka is Bhramari Pranayam. The humming sound of Bhramari Pranayam causes vibrations in the body that directly affect the hypothalamus of the brain, relieving tension and bringing about calmness and happiness throughout the body. In order to offer a better answer, this<br>article discusses the function of Bhramari Pranayama in the prevention and promotion of mental health.</p> <p><strong>Material &amp; Methods:-</strong>The data used in the current investigation was gathered from primary and secondary sources, namely literature reviews of major Ayurvedic Samhitas and texts and widely disseminated research<br>publications.</p> <p><strong>Conclusions:</strong>-This study demonstrates the critical impact Bhramari Pranayama plays in both the prevention of mental illness and the treatment of mental diseases like stress, anxiety, and depression. Ayurveda claims that continuous practise of Bhramari Pranayama reduces the Raja and Tamadosha and increases Satvaguna, thereby aiding in the development of mental health.</p> Prem Yadav Copyright (c) 2023 Wed, 31 May 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Consequence of Ayurveda Remedies with Diet and Life Style in the Male Infertility: A Critical Review. <p><strong>Background:</strong> Infertility is a major medico-social issue now a days. The absence of conception after a year of sexual activity without the use of contraception is known as infertility. Every sixth couple has infertility at some point in their relationship.80 million people worldwide experience pregnancy failure, according to reports from the World Health Organization. About After a year, 15% of couples are still unable to conceive. The prevalence of male infertility is 7%. Idiopathic male infertility occurs when aberrant semen parameters are found because of unknown causes. Oligozoospermia is a condition when a man's sperm count in his semen is below 15 million/ml. In classics, the situations described under Kheena Shukra -vitiation of Shukra Dhatu by Vata and Pitta Dosha.</p> <p><strong>Aims:</strong> To review Ayurvedic aspect of Ksheena Shukra and male infertility with details management.</p> <p><strong>Materials and methods:</strong> Relevant Ayurveda and modern literature available information on web sources searched to fulfill the Aim.</p> <p><strong>Discussion:</strong> The majority of patients use assisted reproductive technologies or intrauterine insemination to become fertile. Unfortunately, success rates are minimal in situations where the sperm count is extremely low. It's time to investigate reproductive aids derived from herbal, herbo-mineral formulations with regard to healthy lifestyle and diet management.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> Current article reviles the details management and scope of Ayurveda in the field of andrology.</p> Sourav Nayak, Jitendra Varsakiya Copyright (c) 2023 Wed, 31 May 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Effect of Selected Group of Asanas on the Patients with Cervical Vertigo <p>One of the most prevalent issues among patients in their middle years is vertigo. The existence of so-called cervical vertigo among the different causes of dizziness is still debatable. Based on the research of cervical vertigo was once believed to be caused by aberrant input from cervical sympathetic nerves. Later studies discovered that sympathetic stimulation has no effect on cerebral blood flow. Some studies made the hypothesis that diseases of vertigo of cervical origin can be associated to aberrant sensory input from the damaged joint receptors of upper cervical areas. Additional research revealed that cervical intervertebral disc disease appears to be the source of cervical vertigo. According to recent studies, vertigo of cervical origin may be associated to the in growth of many Ruffini corpuscles into degenerative cervical discs. Generally, the symptoms of Vertigo are not visible at the initial time, some time people consider it as epilepsy or brain related disease, first of all, it is necessary to diagnose and treat it properly. Yoga is an alternative therapy for any kind of cervical related problems, in which some special Asanas like Bhujangasana, Dhanurasana, Makarasana, Ardhamatsyendrasana, Akaranadhanurasana and Pranayama such as NadiShodhan, Bhramari, and Udgeetha. Which is helpful in this type of pain, it has been seen from many studies that yoga may work as a shield for spinal card related problems.</p> Samriti, BMN Kumar Copyright (c) 2023 Wed, 31 May 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Insomnia and its Ayurveda Management– A Critical Review. <p>Sleep is one of the basic and vital necessities of the body. Sleep is a normal biological process that provides the body (Sharir) and intellect (Mann) enough rest. Because of this, Ayurveda emphasises the importance of sleep, referring to it as Trayoupasthambh (Ahara-dietary habits, Nidra-sleep pattern, and Brahrnacharya-celibacy), (three support pillars). According to the text, Dhatu Samyata (the balance of the body constituents) depends on sleep. Particularly, the state of one's food and sleep affects obesity and emaciation. A careful review of the Ayurvedic medical literature reveals that increased Vata, old age, habit, and indulgence in work are the main causes of the Anidra (sleeplessness). This condition is also a consequence of a variety of diseases, and a number of ailments are caused and aggravated by inadequate sleep. In Ayurvedic literature, terms for insomnia include Anidra, Nidranasha, and Asvapna. Insomnia is a sleep disorder where people experience difficulty in sleeping or inadequate, poor-quality sleep. They may have trouble falling asleep, waking up frequently during the night with difficulty returning to sleep, and waking up too early in the morning. However, insufficient sleep increases the risk of numerous lifestyle-related diseases and impairs working capacity and concentration. Therefore the current article discusses the causes, effects, and treatment options for insomnia from an Ayurvedic perspective.</p> Nazia Irshad, N. R. Singh, Jitendra Varsakiya Copyright (c) 2023 Wed, 31 May 2023 00:00:00 +0000 A Literary Review on Shilajit. <p>Shilajit is a herbomineral medication that is blackish brown in colour. Shilajit is referred to in classical sources as Maharasa. Mineral Pitch/Black Bitumen is another name for it. Shilajit is a sticky exudate that oozes off rocks in the Himalayan region and other high altitude places during the summer months. Shilajit has been utilised as a rejuvenator and anti-aging ingredient for ages. Shilajit is the greatest Rasayana according to Ayurveda. Shilajit is an important Ayurvedic medication used to treat a variety of ailments. This paper documented all of Shilajit's available information in various Rasa Shastra literature.</p> Kavita Kishore Copyright (c) 2023 Wed, 31 May 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Literature Review on the Herbo Mineral Preparation Kravyada Rasa. <p>Science of Ayurveda was introduced with the Branch of Rasasastra from 3 rd century onwards. Rasasastra is a pharmaceutical branch of Indian Systems of medicine which mainly deals with Metals, Minerals, Animal origin products, Toxic herbs and their use in therapeutics. These rasa dravyas are found to have instant effectiveness, minimal dose and extensive therapeutic utility irrespective of constitutional variation. After the development of Rasasastra, inclusion of many herbo mineral preparations can be noticed in the Ayurveda books. Kravyada rasa is one such formulation seen in latest books of Ayuveda with a unique blend of herbal and mineral drugs which is fortified by subjecting to bhaavana (levigation.) in different media. Kravyada rasa is indicated in context of Agni mandhya or Mandaagni or Ajeerna adhikara. The formulation includes Parada, Gandhaka,Loha bhasma, Tamra bhasma,Tankana, Vida lavana and Maricha subjected to levigation. in Jambira juice ,Panchakola kwatha,Amlavetasa and Chanakamla. Formulation is also unique in its preparation as Kajjali along with Tamra bhasma and Loha bhasma is made into Parpati (thin flake like) and then subjected to repeated levigation. after adding remaining ingredients. In this study an attempt is made to gather information on Kravyada rasa from various classics with insight into ingredients, dosage and mode of action, thereby enabling further studies on Kravyada rasa; a less exploited herbomineral formulation.</p> Manju Raj K, Sanila V.K Copyright (c) 2023 Wed, 31 May 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Potential Application of Yoga & Ayurveda for Preventing Psychological Burden of Skin Diseases w.s.r. Psoriasis. <p>Yoga is a traditional art and subtle science of body, mind and soul. Yoga deals with psychosomatic as well as soma-psychotic aspect of the disease, which connects body and mind. The psychosomatic aspect of treatment helps to know the relationship between body and mind. In considering the skin health and disease condition, the first point is to realize that the skin is a different body organ. Covering entire body which helps internal body organ from extreme temperature, attack of the pathogens, and other infections. An organ is defined as a group of cells bundled together in order to fulfil a specific physiological function. Secondly, the health of the skin cannot be neglect from the rest of the body organs. There are many reasons of skin problems but mostly it occurs due to undisciplined lifestyle, lack of sleep, unhealthy food habits, medication, environment and some extent due to genetic factors in some cases. Study have shown, Yoga helps to reduce psychosocial stress and allostatic load through the regular practice of Asana, Pranayama, Shatkarmas and Mudras, these techniques of Yoga work as a panacea in many chronic skin diseases like Psoriasis and related co-morbid conditions like stress, anxiety, depression and improve the quality of life of psoriatic patient.</p> Priyanka Joshi Copyright (c) 2023 Wed, 31 May 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Prathyoushadha Prayoga of Upavisha in Kriyakoumadi-A Review Article. <p><strong>Introduction:</strong> Ayurveda is covered in a number of regionally written books. One such book that is popular in Kerala is Kriya koumadi. It is among the most well-liked and often used books in toxicology. It offers a number of simple, workable formulae that may quickly be created and used to cure toxic diseases. A few essential criteria, including as origin, base, features, and potency, are used to categorize poisons. Upavisha-related symptoms are less toxic, less severe, and often not life-threatening, and their toxicity may be controlled with therapeutic therapies. In addition to providing an in-depth analysis of each of the 11 Upavisha and their treatments, Kriyakoumadi also offers a variety of simple, doable remedies that may be used to reduce toxicity.</p> <p><strong>Material and Methods:</strong> Consulted mainly from kriya Koumadi, famous toxicology book in kerala, from a range of databases websites and publications.</p> <p><strong>Aim:</strong> By learning about the Prathyoushadha (medicine which is used for pacifying the poison) for the Upavisha (semipoisonous substances) aims to raise public knowledge.</p> <p><strong>Result:</strong> Upavisha classification was done and Prathyoushadha for each upavisha has been documented.</p> <p><strong>Discussion and conclusion:</strong> As our forefathers, the Vishavaidyas, showed, even with less advanced medical technology than we presently have, these remedies may result in amazing outcomes in situations of poisoning. If the Vishavaidyas of today spread more essential knowledge about poison management, the human species would tremendously benefit. Additionally, it will help throw light on the traditional regional practices that are still observed in many parts of the world.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Littija Alex, Chaitra H Copyright (c) 2023 Wed, 31 May 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Review Article on Shatakriyakala :A Way to Know & Treat Diseases. <p>The term Kriya kala refers to the recognition of the stage of a disease’s Progress. This concept is mostly compared with disease Pathogenesis. Kriyakala means the time of treatment or interception in the process of disease Manifestation. Acharya Susrutha has narrated detail idea of Shatkriyakala in 21st chapter of Sutrasthana. Shatkriyakala include six stages viz Sanchaya, Prakopa, Prasara, Sthansamshraya, Vyaktavastha and Bhedavastha. That means 6 (the number Six). Kriya means Action or treatment. Kala means Time or period. So Shatkriyakala Means ‘Appropriate time Periods to take action/treatment. The Prayojana of Ayurveda is of two types, Maintenance of health a healthy Person, by adopting the Ritucharya, Dincharya and Sadvritta and curing of a Disease of diseased Person, by adopting therapeutic measures. Before Studying the Pathological conditions of the body, a Physician has to first study the occult function and structures of the body on the basic of dosa, dushya And Srotas. At that time kriya Kala helps the doctor to adopt line of treatment by Seeing the vitiated dosha Condition by his intellect and knowledge.</p> Gupteshwar Sonawane Copyright (c) 2023 Wed, 31 May 2023 00:00:00 +0000 The Drugs of Mutravaha Strotas (Renal System) - A Review. <p>The importance of Mutravaha Strotas (urinary / Renal system) not only responsible for homeostasis of fluids in the body but also in detoxifies the body by eliminating waste products through Mutra(Urine). The renal disorders are Mutra Vriddhi (increased), Mutra Kshaya (decreased urine), Mutra Krichra (Painful micturition), Mutra Ashmari(Formation of stones), Mutra Krichra(Obstructed during micturition). The drugs are; Jambu(Syzygium cumini Linn), Amra(Mangifera indica Linn), Plaksha(Ficus lacor Buch-Ham), Vata(Ficus bengalensis Linn), Kapeetana(Albizzia lebbeck), Udumbara(Ficus glomerata Roxb), Ashwattha(Ficus religiosa Linn), Bhallataka(Semicarpus anacardium Linn), Ashmantaka (Ficus rumphii Blume), Somavalka(Myrica esculenta Buch-Ham). The Mutravirajaniya Dravyas which give normal colour to the urine are; Padma(Nelumbo nucifera), Utpala(Nymphaea stellate Willd), Nalina(Variety of Kamala), Kumuda (Nymphaea nouchaki Burm.f), Saugandhika(Variety of Utpala), Pundarika(Nelumbo nucifera A white variety of Lotus), Shatapatra(Variety of Lotus), Yasthimadhu(Glycyrhhiza glabra Linn), Priyangu (Callicarpa macrophylla Vahl), Dhatakipushpa(Woodfordia fruticosa Kurtz). The Mutraverechaniya are the drugs which remove excess urine from the body called as Mutra Virechaniya Dravyas. The drugs belonging to this group are also acts as diuretic.This paper gives an attempt to summarize the drugs works in mutraveh strotas.</p> Umakant N. Rabb Copyright (c) 2023 Wed, 31 May 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Unveiling the Ayurvedic Approach to Water Balance and Hypertension: Insights and Connections. <p><strong>Background:</strong> Hypertension (HTN) is a non-communicable disease that contributes to heart disease, stroke, kidney failure, and premature mortality and disability. The majority of cardiovascular disease deaths, approximately 80%, occur in low and middle-income countries such as India. Therefore, it is crucial to explore the Ayurvedic perspective on HTN to enable Ayurvedic healthcare providers to effectively manage HTN and its complications.</p> <p><strong>Objective:</strong> The aim of this article is to review the Ayurvedic concept of water balance, blood, and blood pressure, and investigate their potential involvement in the development of HTN.</p> <p><strong>Materials and Methods:</strong> We conducted a critical review of scattered references in Ayurvedic literature pertaining to water balance and the role of Doshas in maintaining it.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> Water constitutes a major component of blood, and alterations in plasma volume can impact blood pressure levels. The literature review highlighted the similarity between the properties of Kapha and Pitta and the water-dominant attributes, suggesting their potential to disrupt water balance.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> Ayurveda emphasizes the greater involvement of Kapha and Pitta in maintaining water balance in the body, while Vata is responsible for its circulation. Factors leading to the imbalance of Kapha and Pitta may initiate and contribute to the pathogenesis of hypertension, which necessitates thorough consideration for effective Ayurvedic management.</p> Abhishek Upadhyay Copyright (c) 2023 Wed, 31 May 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Pandu Roga w.s.r. to Iron Deficiency Anaemia-A Conceptual Study. <p>In this disease there is predominance of paleness all over the body. Due to its similarity, it can be co-related with modern disease anaemia. In Ayurveda, Pandu Roga is a pallor on the skin produced by a quantitative and qualitative Rakta dhatu deficit manifested as a lack of haemoglobin and/or red blood cells. Rasavaha and Raktavahasrotas are the most important in the pathophysiology of Pandu Roga. The changing lifestyle of humans via Ahara and Vihar has a significant impact in the emergence of many ailments. Pandu Roga is one among them as well. Ama is formed as a result of our poor food choices and lifestyle, which then leads to Agnimandya and, finally, Amayukta Ahararasa. Rasa Dhatu Utpatti is hampered, and Pandu Roga manifests. Aggravated Pitta is responsible for the creation of Posaka (nutrient component) from the Rasadhatu, which causes Rakta depletion. Inadequate dietary intake, quick development, low birth weight, and gastrointestinal losses caused by increased cow's milk consumption are the most prevalent causes of iron insufficiency in children. According to WHO, anaemia affects one-quarter of the world's population and is most prevalent in pre-school-aged children and women. In children, anaemia varies from 45 to 65%. Pallor, weariness, lack of appetite, palpitations, irritability, weakness, dyspnoea, brittle nails, pica, headache are all clinical manifestations of the condition. According to Ayurveda, the main goal of therapy is to rectify and balance Agni, which allows metabolism to be controlled.</p> Deepika Patidar, Ram Kishor Joshi, Ajay Kumar Sahu, Santosh Panwar, Babulal Copyright (c) 2023 Wed, 31 May 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Madhumeh w.s.r. to Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus-A Review. <p>A chronic metabolic condition with numerous etiologies, diabetes mellitus affects people all over the world. However, the prevalence of diabetes has increased recently, which is particularly troubling in developed countries. An estimated 537 million adults (20–79 years) were living with diabetes worldwide in 2021, of which 14% (74.2 million) were from India, the country with the second largest number of people with diabetes in the world. This number is projected to increase by 68% (124.9 million) over the next 25 years. More worryingly, slightly more than half (53.1%) of people with diabetes in India are unaware of their condition. The main causes of diabetes mellitus in the present period include an entirely sedentary lifestyle, eating a lot of junk food, and weight increase. Based on the symptoms, this metabolic condition is classified as Madhumeha in Ayurveda. It is a Vataja Prameha that develops as a result of different nidanas. As an outcome, Ayurveda should be considered for the treatment of diabetes mellitus.</p> Vanita Nagar, Ajay Kumar Sahu Copyright (c) 2023 Wed, 31 May 2023 00:00:00 +0000 A brief overview on the concept of Palitya w.s.r. premature hair greying. <p><strong>Introduction:</strong> The traditional Indian medical system of Ayurveda employs the term Khalitya (~Hair fall) to describe hair loss, while the premature greying of hair is denoted by the term Palitya (~ Hair greying). Khalitya and Palitya are classified as Paitik (~dosha regulating body temperature and metabolic activities) disorders, which originate from the Dosha (~the regulatory functional factors of the body formed by the synchronized interplay between the five basic elements within any living system) known as Pitta. According to Ayurvedic principles, consistent disruption of the Pittadosha (~dosha regulating body temperature and metabolic activities), which represents the body’s heat and metabolism, may result in premature greying of hair. As per Ayurveda principles, the consumption of substances that enhance Pitta can lead to an aggravation of Pittadosha (~dosha regulating body temperature and metabolic activities), which is believed to be a contributing factor in the manifestation of grey hair.</p> <p><strong>Materials and methods:</strong> Palitya (~premature greying of hair) information is gathered from many Ayurvedic and modern medical textbooks, magazines, journals, and the internet. It is a review paper with data gathered from all relevant sources.</p> <p><strong>Result:</strong> All of the aforementioned formulations were acquired as a result of premature greying of hair.</p> <p><strong>Discussion &amp; Conclusion:</strong> Ayurveda has been identified as a viable alternative therapeutic approach for the condition of premature greying that was natural and harmless.</p> Dhaval Govindbhai Makwana Copyright (c) 2023 Wed, 31 May 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Swarnamakshika- A Review Through Classics. <p>Rasa Shastra is a branch of science which tend to facilitate human beings with the aid of systematic use of metals, minerals and herbal drugs to achieve longevity. Swarnamakshika is one of the important minerals which is used solely or as an ingredient in many formulations for curing many diseases such as Pandu (Anaemia), Prameha (Diabetes), Anidra (Insomnia) etc. In classics it has been described as Saklamyaghana (cure all the diseases) In Ayurveda, the utilization of metals and minerals comes under Rasachikitsa. These minerals can be used for internal administration only after their fundamental processing’s. These processing techniques are Shodhana (purification), Marana (incineration) and Satvapatna (extraction of core element). Swarnamakshika is a mineral which contains copper and iron. In mineralogy, it is called as Chalcopyrite. Swarnamakshika has been described in various classical texts. This current review paper highlights the description of Swarnamakshika available in various Rasa Shastra and other classical texts.</p> Thakur Abhilasha, Thakur K Sudarshan, Vijay Chaudhary Copyright (c) 2023 Wed, 31 May 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Effect of Swarna Prashana (Oral Administration of Gold as Electuary) in Children: A Conceptual Study. <p>A type of electuary that falls under the heading of pediatrics is described in the classics of Ayurveda as Swarna Prashana (oral administration of gold as electuary). In the Kashyapa Samhita, it is intended to aid infants' memory, intuition, and invulnerability. It is depicted in terms of Jatakarma Samskara, or new-born consideration. One of the 16 basic Samskaras that Ayurveda describes. As an illustration of how Swarna Prashana satisfies the main tenets of Ayurveda, see preventative measures. Vyadhikshamtva (immunity) is our body's propensity to detect the microscopic organisms that propagate disease and are responsive or losing their potency. The main topic of discussion in the medical industry has historically been how to prevent disease by boosting immunity, and these days, swarna prashana serves as an oral resistance booster (oral antibody). The current conceptual study demonstrates how Swarnaprashana improves immunity while also increasing cognitive and illness prevention. Swarnaprashana has numerous effects and can be given to children for better overall growth and development.</p> Hitesh Kumar, Mahendra Prasad Copyright (c) 2023 Wed, 31 May 2023 00:00:00 +0000 A Conceptual Study on Role of Rasayana in Geriatric Health Care. <p><strong>Introduction</strong>-Aging refers to degeneration at tissue level. It leads to a gradual decrease in physical and mental capacity. The concept of antiaging is described in Ayurveda as Rasayana, which aims at maintaining excellent physical and mental health in old age through a combination of nourishing diet, wholesome activities and gentle herbs.</p> <p><strong>Material &amp; methods</strong> –All classical texts and modern texts including paper, articles were reviewed.</p> <p><strong>Results</strong>-The fundamental tissues like Dhātu, Agni, Srotas etc. of human body leading to prevention of aging, improvement in bodily strength, mental ability and hence providing resistance against diseases. One can attain not only longevity alone through Rasayana but also memory, intelligence, youthfulness, excellence of lusture, complexion, mastery over phonetics, resistance and immunity against diseases.</p> <p><strong>Discussion</strong>- As elderly people are more susceptible to several chronic diseases also, therefore it is need of study on rasayana therapy for improving the expectancy and quality of life in geriatric health.</p> Heena, Shamsa Fiaz Copyright (c) 2023 International Research Journal of Ayurveda & Yoga Wed, 31 May 2023 00:00:00 +0000